Wednesday, 27 November 2013

Asking WH questions in Gujarati

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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Marathi. Learn Gujarati grammar and many aspects Gujarati language online.
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WH Questions :- 

Refer table below for words in Gujarati for Wh questions

Wh question in English
Word in Gujarati
Who
કોણ  (koN)
When
ક્યારે  (kyAre)
Where
ક્યાં  (kyAM)
Why
કેમ  (kem)
What
શું  (shuM)

શી (shI) for feminine words
How many
Macu./Femin./Neuter   
always plural
કેટલા-કેટલી-કેટલાં
(keTalA-keTalI-keTalAM)
How
Singular and then plural
M.-F-N.-M.-F-N.

કેવો-કેવી-કેવું-કેવા-કેવી-કેવાં
(kevo-kevI-kevuM-kevA-kevI-kevAM)
Which
Singular and then plural
M.-F-N.-M.-F-N.

કયો-કઈ-કયું-કયા-કઈ-કયાં
(kayo-kaI-kayuM-kayA-kaI-kayAM)
What _ for  
શા માટે (shA mATe)

In the above table "Who"; "When"; "Where" ; "Why" ; "What" seems simple as there is only one word in Gujarati corresponding to each.
So let us first attack “How” and “which”

As we had seems in last section “My/His/Her” that depending on gender and multiplicity the form changes. Same logic applies here.
Depending on the gender and multiplicity of objective of question the  form is decided. 
The words follow pattern discussed in ઓ-ઈ-ઉં-આ-ઈ-આં (o-I-uM-A-I-AM ) યો-ઈ-યું-યા-ઈ-યાં ( yo-I-yuM-yA-I-yAM ) rule
e.g. “How does he work ?”  Here objective is “he” i.e. masculine-singular. So કેવો(kevo) will be used.

“How does they (plural of he) work” Here objective is “They" i.e. plural So કેવા (kevA) will be used

“How does she work?”  Here objective is she i.e. feminine-singular  So કેવી(kevI) will be used

Similarly for “which” depending on the gender and multiplicity objective of question the form is decided. e.g.
“Which boy” Here objective is “boy” i.e. masculine-singular. So કયો(kayo) will be used.
“which trees” Here objective is “trees” i.e. neuter-plural. So કયાં (kayAM)  will be used.

Note the difference in કયાં(kayAM) and  ક્યાં(kyAM)
"Where" means ક્યાં(kyAM). Here ક(k) is half and યાં(yAM) is attached to it.
And in કયાં(kayAM) here ક(k) is full.


Just inserting WH-question word into a positive or negative statement will convert it into question 

General structure is :-
Subject/Doer of action       question word          verb

Examples for other WH questions
When will you come ? -->  તું ક્યારે આવીશ ?tuM kyAre AvIsh ?)
Where do you live ? --> તું ક્યાં રહે છે ?  (tuM kyAM rahe Che ?)
Why did he speak ? --> એ કેમ બોલ્યો ?   (e kem bolyo ?)
Why did he not speak ? --> એ કેમ નથી બોલ્યો ?  (e kem nathI bolyo ?)
What is your name ?--> તારું નામ શું છે ?  (tAruM nAm shuM Che ?)
What was the need ? --> શી જરૂરત હતી ? (shI jarUrat hatI ?)
How many girls spoke  ?  -->  કેટલી છોકરીઓ બોલી ? (keTalI ChokarIo bolI ?)
What did you do this for ? -->તેં આ શા માટે કર્યું ? (teM A shA mATe karyuM ?)

Who is coming? 

Here we will use કોણ (koN). But depending on gender remaining sentence will vary.

(If there is male then), કોણ આવી રહ્યો છે? ( koN AvI rahyo Che)

(If there is female then) , કોણ આવી રહી છે? (koN AvI rahI Che)
If there is animal or we can't see whether male or female, 
કોણ આવી રહ્યું છે?  ( koN AvI rahyuM Che )
For masculine polite, કોણ આવી રહ્યા છે?  ( koN AvI rahyA Che )
Who is coming ? --> કોણ આવી રહ્યો છે ( koN AvI rahyo Che )

Other forms of "who"

Who did this ?  ->  આ કોણે કર્યું ? ( A koNe karyuM ?
Who ate tamarind ?  -> આમલી કોણે ખાધી ?  ( AmalI koNe khAdhI ?

In past tense we add એ(e) to doer of action. So કોણ (koN) becomes કોણે (koNe)

Whose son is this ? -> આ કોનો દિકરો છે ? ( A kono dikaro Che ?) 
We have seen suffixes proper names to create form to indicterelations in this lesson.
Using these suffixes   

Masculine Singular                 કોનો  (kono )
Feminine Singular & Plural    કોની  (konI ) 
Neuter Singular                      કોનું  (konuM ) 
Masculine plural                      કોના  (konA )
Feminine plural                       કોની  (konI )
Neuter    plural                       કોનાં   (konAM  )                             

Whose son ->  કોનો દીકરો (  kono dIkaro )
Whose daughter ->  કોની દીકરી  (  koNI dIkarI  )
Whose father -> કોના બાપુ ( konA bApu ) etc.

Similarly adding preposition "To" is suffixing ને(ne) becomes કોને (kone)
Whom did you say -> તેં કોને કહ્યું ?  ( teM kone kahyuM )
Who wants it (It is wanted to whom? )  -> આ કોને જોઇએ ? ( A kone joie )


Listen in this lesson online at
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r5NO8tIV6kQ


***************************************************************
Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Marathi. Learn Gujarati grammar and many aspects Gujarati language online.
***************************************************************

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