Wednesday, 25 December 2013

Showing uncertainty using May, Might in Gujarati

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In English we show uncertainty about an action using "May" or "Might".
e.g. "He may go", "He might say so", "He may not tell us" etc.
These sentence indicate uncertainty in a future action.

Interestingly, in usual 
Gujarati there no special form to indicate uncertainty in future action.
In 
Gujarati, sentence is formed in simple future tense, but a word like કદાચ (kadAch) etc. is said to indicate uncertainty.

Example :-
He may go -> Probably, he will go -> કદાચ એ જશે (kadAch e jashe)
I may sing -> Probably, I will sing -> કદાચ હું ગાઈશ  (kadAch huM gAIsh )

"Might" is used to show uncertainty in past action.
e.g. "He might have finished it yesterday", "He might have written this"
In Gujarati sentence structure is 
Sentence in simple past tense
Form of હોવું(hovuM) in simple future tense
મેં કેરી ખાધી 
(meM kerI khAdhI)
હશે (hashe)

Form of હોવું(hovuM) is prepared as per noun/object. if it is સકર્મક (sakarmak ) i.e. verb that needs noun.
For અકર્મક (akarmak ) verbs the form of હોવું(hovuM) is prepared as per subject.

Example 1 ) You might have gone yesterday 
(In simple past tense) You went -> તું ગયો   (tuM gayo )
"To go" is અકર્મક (akarmak ) verb. So form of હોવું(hovuM) is હોઈશ(hoIsh)

You might have gone yesterday  -> તું ગયો હોઈશ  (tuM gayo hoIsh)

Example 2) You might have completed it 
(In simple past tense) You completed it -> તેં એ પૂરું કર્યું (teM e pUruM karyuM)
"To complete" is સકર્મક (sakarmak)  verb. So form of હોવું(hovuM) is હશે(hashe)

You might have completed it -> તેં એ પૂરું કર્યું હશે (teM e pUruM karyuM hashe
Example 3) They might have returned yesterday -> તેઓ પાછા આવ્યા હશે  (teo pAChA AvyA hashe )

Listen in this lesson online at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MlgZrD3hUB8

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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Gujarati. Learn Gujarati grammar and many aspects Gujarati language online.
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