Saturday, 7 December 2013

Using “Going to” phrase in Gujarati

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In English, future tense sentence can be formed using “going to” phrase.
e.g. “He will come” can also be said as “He is going to come”

In Gujarati this sentence is formed as follows -
Subject
 verb+form of વાનો(vAno) 
 form of હોવું(hovuM) as per subject and tense
હું (huM )
કરવાનો (karavAno)
છું(ChuM)

Form of વાનો(vAno) is selected as per gender and multiplicity of subject. As you would have expected, forms are:-

Masculine singular
વાનો  (vAno )
Feminine Singular/ Plural
વાની  (vAnI )
Neuter Singular
વાનું  (vAnuM )
Masculine plural
વાના  (vAnA ) 
Neuter plural or 
group of different genders
or feminine polite
વાનાં  (vAnAM )

Examples :-
English
Marathi
They are going to come

તેઓ આવવાનાં છે  
 (teo AvavAnAM Che )
I(male) am going to speak

હું બોલવાનો છું  
(huM bolavAno ChuM )
She is going to open door

 બારણું ખોલવાની છે  
(e bAraNuM kholavAnI Che )
You(feminine) are going to dance

તું નાચવાની છે  
(tuM nAchavAnI Che )
They were going to come

તેઓ આવવાનાં હતાં  
(teo AvavAnAM hatAM )
I was going to speak

હું બોલવાનો હતો 
(huM bolavAno hato )
She is not going to open door

 બારણું ખોલવાની નથી  (e bAraNuM kholavAnI nathI )
They(group of boys) are not going to come

તેઓ આવવાના નથી  
(teo AvavAnA nathI)
They(group of girls) were not going to come

તેઓ  આવવાની નહોતી 
(teo AvavAnAM nahotAM)
Are they  going to dance?

તેઓ   નાચવાનાં છે?  (teo nAchavAnAM Che? )
Is this tree going to move ?

શું  ઝાડ હલવાનું છે?  (shuM A jhAD halavAnuM Che? )
He(polite) is going to give speech.

તેઓ ભાષણ આપવાના છે  (te bhAShaN ApavAnA Che )
She(polite) was going to give speech.

તેઓ ભાષણ આપવાનાં હતાં
(te bhAShaN ApavAnAM hatAM)


Listen in this lesson online at
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iFGpKgZwo9M



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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Gujarati. Learn Gujarati grammar and many aspects Gujarati language online.
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