Thursday, 2 January 2014

Fractional numbers, sequence, percentage in Gujarati

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We have already seen numbers in Gujarati in these previous two lessons 
http://learn-gujarati-from-english.blogspot.in/2013/12/numbers-in-gujarati-part-1.html
http://learn-gujarati-from-english.blogspot.in/2014/01/numbers-in-gujarati-part-2.html
Here we will see forms of verb like "first","second" etc. "single","double/both" etc.

Counting sequence
In Gujarati we have special words for sequence from 1 to 6. From 7 on wards form of મો (mo) is appended to number.

First
પહેલો   (pahelo  )
Second
બીજો    (bIjo   )
Third
ત્રીજો  (trIjo )
Fourth
ચોથો   (chotho  )
Fifth
પાંચમો  (pAMchamo )
Sixth
છઠ્ઠો  (ChaThTho )
Seventh
સાતમો  (sAtamo )
Eighth
આઠમો  (AThamo )
Ninth
નવમો   (navamo  )

As these are kind of adjective ending with ઓ(o) they will have forms as per gender and multiplicity as seen in lesson
http://learn-gujarati-from-english.blogspot.in/2013/12/adjectives-in-gujarati.html
like પહેલો-પહેલી-પહેલું-પહેલા-પહેલી-પહેલાં (pahelo-pahelI-paheluM-pahelA-pahelI-pahelAM) etc.
e.g.
First boy -પહેલો છોકરો   (pahelo Chokaro  )

First girl -> પહેલી છોકરી  (pahelI ChokarI )
First year -> પહેલું વર્ષ  (paheluM varSh )

Also do not get confused between wordપહેલો(pahelo)  & પેલો(pelo). 
પેલો(pelo) means "that(masculine)" So it is a pronoun. For other genders such pronouns are પેલી (pelI), પેલું (peluM).


Collective words
Single/Alone
Masculine ->એકલો  ( ekalo) 
Feminine ->એકલી (ekalI )
Neuter -> એકલું (ekaluM)
Both
બંને (baMne)
Three persons
ત્રણે(traNe)
Four persons
Masculine -> ચાર જણ (chAr jaN)
Feminine -> ચાર જણીઓ (chAr jaNIo)
Five persons
Masculine -> પાંચ જણ (pAMch jaN)
Feminine -> પાંચ જણીઓ (pAMchjaNIo)
For number four onward it follows same pattern; i.e. 
for masculine "number and then "જણ".
For feminine number and then "જણીઓ"  

For neuter we use just number.

Fractional numbers



Quarter
પા  (pA )
Half
અડધો  (aDadho )
Three fourth
પોણો  (poNo )
Full
પૂર્ણ  (pUrN )
One & quarter
સવા  (savA )
One & half
દોઢ  (doDh )
Quarter to one
પોણા બે  (poNA be )
Two & quarter
સવા બે  (savA be )
Two & half
અઢી  (aDhI )
Quarter to three
પોણા ત્રણ  (poNA traN )
Three & quarter
સવા ત્રણ  (savA traN )
Three & half
સાડા ત્રણ  (sADA traN )

As અડધો  (aDadho ) & પોણો  (poNo ) are adjective ending with ઓ(o) they will have forms as per gender and multiplicity.


For two onward ‘quarter’ figure is said by prefixing સવા (savA)
e.g.
Two & quarter
સવા બે  (savA be )
Three & quarter
સવા ત્રણ  (savA traN )
Four & quarter
સવા ચાર (savA chAr)

Similarly three onward ‘half’ figure is said by prefixing સાડા (saDA)
e.g.
Three & half
સાડા ત્રણ  (sADA traN )
Four & half
સાડા ચાર  (sADA chAr)
Five & half
સાડા પાંચ (sADA pAMch  )

Similarly two onward "quarter to" type figure is said by prefixing પોણા (poNA).
e.g.
Quarter to two
પોણા બે  (poNA be )
Quarter to three
પોણા ત્રણ  (poNA traN )
Quarter to four
પોણા ચાર    (poNA chAr)

The fractional number with decimal point.
The number “10.3” is generally said in English as “Ten point three”. Similarly we say in Gujarati. For point the word is દશાંશ (dashAMsh)
But in spoken Gujarati people generally use English word “point” itself.

10.5 -> દસ  દશાંશ પાંચ (das  dashAMsh pAMch)
           દસ  point પાંચ (das  "point" pAMch)

3.70 -> ત્રણ દશાંશ  સિત્તેર  (traN dashAMsh sitter )
           ત્રણ point સિત્તેર  (traN  "point" sitter )


Percentage in Gujarati

"percent" in English is ટકાTakA) in Gujarati.
e.g.
11 % -> eleven percent ->અગિયાર ટકા  (agiyAr TakA )
20% -> twenty percent -> વીસ ટકા  (vIs TakA )
20.5% -> twenty point five percent ->વીસ point પાંચ ટકા  (vIs point pAMch TakA )

ટકાTakA)  is plural of word ટકો ( Tako). So we use it only for 1%
1% -> એક ટકો (ek Tako)



For numbers from 1 to 100 in Gujarati, refer

For numbers after 100 and higher numbers like thousand, million etc http://learn-gujarati-from-english.blogspot.com/2014/01/numbers-in-gujarati-part-2.html  



Listen this lesson online at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YheFj43boNo

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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Gujarati. Learn Gujarati grammar and many aspects Gujarati language online.
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