Wednesday, 20 November 2013

Negative Sentence in Simple Present tense in Gujarati

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Structure of Negative sentence in simple present tense is as follows 


Doer of action
નથી (nathI)
Verb + Suffix
હું (huM)
નથી (nathI)
કરતો (karato)


Suffix depends on gender rather than person (first, second or third)
Suffixes are as follows :- 

English Pronoun
Gujarati Pronoun
Suffix
Masculine Singular

Pronouns

I, You, He,

This, That
હું  (huM), તું  (tuM), 

આ/એ/તે  (A/e/te)

પુલ્લિંગી
તો (to )
Feminine Singular & Plural
Pronouns

I, You, She,

This, That
હું  (huM), તું  (tuM), 

આ/એ/તે/ તેઓ  (A/e/te/teo)

સ્ત્રિલિંગી
તી (tI )



Neuter Singular

Pronouns.

Generally only in

third person

It, This, That
આ/એ/તે  (A/e/te)

નપુસકલિંગ


તું (tuM )


Masculine Plurals in all genders

and persons

We, You(plural),

They, Those
અમે  (ame), 

આપણે  (ApaNe),

તેઓ/આ /એ/તે 
(teo/A/e/te)

તમે (tame)
તા (hatA)


Neuter Plural
(They/Those )
or group of different genders
અમે  (ame), 

આપણે  (ApaNe),

તેઓ/આ /એ/તે 
(teo/A/e/te)

તમે (tame)
તાં (hatAM)
(If a boy says) I do not speak -> હું નથી બોલતો  (huM nathI bolato)

(If a girl says) I do not speak -> હું નથી બોલતી  (huM nathI bolatI)

We do not speak -> અમે/આપણે નથી બોલતાં  (ame/ApaNe nathI bolatAM)

(If said to a boy) You do not play -> તું નથી રમતો  (tuM nathI ramato)

Tree does not move -> ઝાડ નથી હલતું  (jhAD nathI halatuM)

You(plural) do not dance -> તમે નથી નાચતાં  (tame nathI nAchatAM)

They/Those do not keep-> એ/
તેઓ નથી મુકતાં  (e/teo nathI mukatAM)

Listen examples in this lesson at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BpVvAQPOUGc
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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Gujarati. Learn Gujarati grammar and many aspects Gujarati language online.
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