Friday, 22 November 2013

Simple future tense in conditional statements

***************************************************************
Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Gujarati  Learn Gujarati grammar and many aspects Gujarati language online.
***************************************************************


We have seen positive and negative sentences in Simple future tense in previous lessons
viz.
http://learn-gujarati-from-english.blogspot.in/2013/11/simple-future-tense-in-gujarati.html
http://learn-gujarati-from-english.blogspot.in/2013/11/negative-sentences-in-simple-future.html

While reading Gujarati you can come across with other style of simple future tense. 

This style is seen whenever statements have two parts/clauses or future action depends on some condition. So without going into grammatical jargon, I have called such sentences as conditional statements.
e.g.
If you come to my home today; then only I will visit your home.
If you read this; you won't believe
It will never happen that he will lie to me.

In such sentences, future tense sentence is created similar to simple present tense but by omitting form of verb હોવું (hovuM)
e.g. હું કરું છું (huM karuM ChuM) is simple present tense. So simple future tense will be હું કરું  (huM karuM)
તે બોલે છે (te bole Che is simple present tense. So simple future tense will be  તે બોલે (te bole)
And adding નહીં (nahIM) before verb form will make it negative sentence.
e.g.
હું નહીં કરું  (huM nahIM karuM);  તે નહીં બોલે (te nahIMbole).


So lets see more examples in usual way of simple future tense and in other tyle for conditional statements.

I will do ==હું કરીશ(huM karIsh) ==  હું કરું  (huM karuM)

I will not do == હું કરીશ નહીં (huM karIsh nahIM) == હું નહીં કરું  (huM nahIM karuM)

You(plu) will go == તમે જશો (tame jasho ) == તમે જાવ (tame jAv )

You(plu) will not go == તમે જશો નહીં (tame jasho nahIM) == તમે નહીં જાવ (tame nahIM jAv )

They will be able to control laughter ==
તેઓ હસવું રોકી શકશે (teo hasavuM rokI shakashe) ==
તેઓ હસવું રોકી શકે (teo hasavuM rokI shake)

They will not be able to control laughter ==
તેઓ હસવું રોકી શકશે નહીં (teo hasavuM rokI shakashe nahIM)
તેઓ હસવું રોકી નહીં શકે (teo hasavuM rokI nahIM shake) / તેઓ હસવું નહીં રોકી શકે (teo hasavuM nahIM rokI shake)



Let's see full sentence examples with this style.
1) If you come to my home today; then only I will visit your home.
તું આજ મારા ઘરે આવશે તો જ હું તારા ઘરે આવીશ (tuM Aj mArA ghare Avashe to j huM tArA ghare AvIsh)
તું આજ મારા ઘરે આવશે તો જ હું તારા ઘરે આવું (tuM Aj mArA ghare Avashe to j huM tArA ghare AvuM)

2) If you read this; you won't believe
જો તમે આ વાંચશો તો તમે વિશ્વાસ કરશો નહીં (jo tame A vAMchasho to tame vishvAs karasho nahIM)
જો તમે આ વાંચો તો તમે વિશ્વાસ નહીં કરો  (jo tame A vAMcho to tame vishvAs nahIM karo )

3) It will never happen that he will lie to me.
એ મારી સાથે ખોટું બોલશે એ ક્યારેય થશે નહીં (e mArI sAthe khoTuM bolashe e kyArey thashe nahIM)
એ મારી સાથે ખોટું બોલે એ ક્યારેય નહીં થાય (e mArI sAthe khoTuM bole e kyArey nahIM thAy)

4) What do you think; we will surrender to you ?
તને શું લાગે છે; અમે તારા સામે સમર્પણ કરીશું ?(tane shuM lAge Che? ame tArA sAme samarpaN karIshuM)
તને શું લાગે છે;  અમે તારા સામે સમર્પણ કરીએ ? (tane shuM lAge Che?  ame tArA sAme samarpaN karIe)


Listen this lesson online at
https://youtu.be/VicPWsktwa0



***************************************************************
Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Gujarati  Learn Gujarati grammar and many aspects Gujarati language online.
***************************************************************

No comments:

Post a Comment