Saturday, 16 November 2013

Simple Past Tense of "To Be" in Gujarati

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Simple past tense of verb "To be" i.e. હોવું  (“hovuM”) in Gujarati is simple. 
There are very few suffixes
Interestingly choice of suffix depend on gender of noun/pronoun rather than whether it is first person (I, we), second person (you) or third person ( he, she etc.)
And these forms will follow ઓ-ઈ-ઉં-આ-ઈ-આં (o-I-uM-A-I-AM ) યો-ઈ-યું-યા-ઈ-યાં ( yo-I-yuM-yA-I-yAM ) rule


English Pronoun
Gujarati Pronoun
Form of હોવું  (“hovuM”)in Gujarati
Masculine Singular Pronouns
I, You, He, This, That
હું  (huM), તું  (tuM), //તે  (A/e/te)


પુલ્લિંગી
હતો (hato )
Feminine  Singular Pronouns
I, You, She, This, That
હું  (huM), તું  (tuM), //તે  (A/e/te)


સ્ત્રિલિંગી
હતી (hatI )



Neuter Singular Pronouns. Generally only in third person
It, This, That
//તે  (A/e/te)


નપુસકલિંગ


હતું (hatuM )


Masculine plural pronouns
We, You(plural), They, Those You(plural)
અમે  (ame), આપણે  (ApaNe),
તમે (tame ) 
તેઓ/ એ/તે  (teo /e/te)

પુલ્લિંગી
હતા (hatA)
First & Second person plural for Feminine
and Polite form
We, You(plural),

અમે  (ame), આપણે  (ApaNe),
તમે (tame ) , તેઓ(teo)

સ્ત્રિલિંગી
હતાં (hatAM)
Third plural for Feminine
They/Those/These
તેઓ/ /તે  (teo /e/te)

સ્ત્રિલિંગી 
હતી (hatI )


Plurals in neuter gender
Generally only in third person

/તે  (teo /e/te)


હતાં (hatAM)


Examples 
(If a boy says) I was -> હું હતો ( huM hato  )

(If a girl says) I was -> હું હતી  (huM hatI )

(A group of boy will say) We were -> આપણે/અમે હતા  (ApaNe/ame hatA )

(A group of girls will say) We were -> આપણે/અમે હતાં  (ApaNe/ame hatAM )

He was there -> એ ત્યાં હતો  (e tyAM hato )

She was there -> એ ત્યાં હતી   (e tyAM hatI  )

All people were in ground ->સૌ લોકો મૈદાનમાં હતાં (sau loko maidAnamAM hatAM )

50 ladies were in the program -> કાર્યક્રમમાં પચાસ મહિલાઓ હતાં  kAryakramamAM pachAs mahilAo hatAM )

My teacher(lady) was there  -> મારાં શિક્ષિકા ત્યાં હતાં (mArAM shikShikA tyAM hatAM)

Listen examples in this lesson at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SDedtEMYAt4

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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Gujarati. Learn Gujarati grammar and many aspects Gujarati language online.
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2 comments:

  1. what is it in gujarati for 'had you gone there'

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    Replies
    1. Please refer the lesson related to perfect tense in Gujarati
      http://learn-gujarati-from-english.blogspot.in/2013/11/present-past-future-perfect-tense-in.html

      Let me know if that answers your query.

      Also I would like to know more about your Gujarati learning and experience of my blog so far. Can you please mail me on learnMarathiFast@gmail.com (ID is same for my both Marathi & Gujarati blog)

      Thanks,
      Kaushik

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