Saturday, 28 December 2013

Generalizing words - somewhere somehow anything anybody etc. - in Gujarati

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Consider the conversation 1) 
"Who did this mess ?"
"Someone did it !!"

conversation 2) 
"How will you do it?"

"I will manage it somehow."

When we are not sure about the thing we say "somehow", "somewhere", "anybody" etc.

In Gujarati also such words are present. 
In words like "somehow", "somewhere" we prefixed "some" to words like "how","where" etc. For such phrases in Gujarati we append ક(k).

In words like "anyhow", "anywhere" we prefixed "any" to words like "how","where" etc. For such phrases in Gujarati we append ય(y) or પણ(paN).

Below table lists such words. 
While adding these prefixes there is little change in main word. such words are highlighted in red. 



who
કોણ 
(koN )
someone
કોઈક 
(koIk )
anyone
કોઈપણ 
(koIpaN )
when
ક્યારે 
(kyAre )
sometime
ક્યારેક 
(kyArek )
anytime
ક્યારેય   
(kyArey) 
ક્યારે પણ 
(kyAre paN )
where
ક્યાં 
(kyAM )
somewhere
ક્યાંક 
(kyAMk )
anywhere
ક્યાંય 
(kyAMy )
what
શું(shuM)
something
કંઈક 
(kaMIk)
કાંઈક 
(kAMIk )
anything
કંઈપણ
(kaIMpaN)
કાંઈપણ
(kAMIpaN)
how much /
how many
કેટલું
(keTaluM )
many
કેટલાંક 
(keTalAMk )
any
કેટલાંય   (keTalAMy  )
કેટલાં પણ  (keTalAM paN )
how
કેવો
(kevo)
somehow
કોઈક રીતે
(koIk rIte)
anyhow
કોઈપણ રીતે
(koIpaN rIte)
which
કયો
(kayo)
someone/
something/
some
કોઈક 
(koIk )
any
કોઈપણ 
(koIpaN )
To use preposition can also be used with these words.
e.g.
someone -> કોઈક  (koIk)
to someone -> કોઈકને (koIkane)

somewhere-> ક્યાંક(kyAMk)
from somewhere ->  
ક્યાંકથી (kyAMkathI)

anything -> કાંઈપણ (kAMIpaN)
about anything -> કાંઈપણ વિષે (kAMIpaN viShe)

Exception :- When preposition "To" is used with word containing પણ(paN), preposition is added to main word and  પણ(paN ) is said later. 
e.g.anyone -> કોઈપણ (koIpaN)
To anyone -> કોઈને પણ (koIne paN)

Full sentence examples :-
Call someone -> કોઈકને બોલાવ (koIkane bolAv)
Call anyone -> કોઈને પણ બોલાવ (koIne paN bolAv)
I reached there somehow -> હું ત્યાં કોઈક રીતે પહોંચી ગયો (huM tyAM koIk rIte pahoMchI gayo )
I will reach there anyhow -> હું ત્યાં કોઈપણ રીતે પહોંચી જઈશ ( huM tyAM koIpaN rIte pahoMchI jaIsh )

He has gone somewhere from morning -> એ સવાર થી ક્યાંક ગયો છે  (
e savAr thI kyAMk gayo Che )

He is not ready to go anywhere -> એ ક્યાંય જવા તૈયાર નથી (e kyAMy javA taiyAr nathI)




Listen this lesson online at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dzvERiqCfH4

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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Gujarati. Learn Gujarati grammar and many aspects Gujarati language online.
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