Monday, 9 December 2013

Using verb "To remember" in Gujarati

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There are three ways in which we use verb "to remember"

1) Suppose a teacher meets his student after many years and says "You are from batch of 1970, right? I remember you."

2) A student living in a hostel writes letter to his mother; "Whenever I eat food at canteen I remember dishes you used to cook. I miss you."

3) A person helped you in your bad time. You will say him;"Thank you friend. I will always remember your favour".


In all the sentence we have used verb remember; but there is subtle difference in every use. 
In first sentence you say you have not forgotten something. 
In second case you say one event triggers or brings back memory of some other event.
In third sentence you explicitly assure of keeping something in mind. 

The nonun remembrance is “યાદ”(yAd) in Gujarati. So for these three ways, three different phrases are used viz.  યાદ હોવું (yAd hovuM), યાદ આવવું (yAd AvavuM ), યાદ રાખવું ( yAd rAkhavuM)

Case 1) In English we say 
I remember you. 
She remembers me.

Here verb "remember" is formed according to subject/doer of action. But in Gujarati verb form “યાદ હોવું(yAd hovuM)” is formed as per object.
And the subject is used with preposition "To"

So this is exact opposite of English.


Subject in English sentence.

With preposition “To”
Object in English sentence.
Verb form of

યાદ હોવું(yAd hovuM)

As per object
I

 મને (mane)


You

તું (tuM)
remember
યાદ છે (yAd Che)
You

તને (tane)

Me

હું (huM)
remember
યાદ છું (yAd ChuM)

Examples :- 
I remember you :- મને તું યાદ છે (mane tuM yAd Che )
I remembered you(boy) :- મને તું યાદ હતો (mane tuM yAd hato)
I remembered you(girl) :- મને તું યાદ હતી (mane tuM yAd hatI)
You remember me :- તને હું યાદ છું (tane huM yAd ChuM)
We remember Mary :- અમને મેરી યાદ છે (amane merI yAd Che)
Mary remembers us :-  મેરીને અમે યાદ છીએ (merIne ame yAd ChIe)

Case 2) 
In second case you say one event triggers or brings back memory of some other event.

In Gujarati we use phrase યાદ આવવું (yAd AvavuM)
યાદ (yAd) means remembrance. It is feminine-singular noun.

We use form of noun or pronoun to indicate possession i.e મારી, તારી, એની, કૌશિકની etc. As યાદ (yAd)  is feminine-singular we use only feminine-singular form indicating possession.
For more details of these forms refer

Similarly form of verb આવવું (AvavuM) is also feminine-singular.

So English sentence "I remember you" is said in Gujarati as if saying "Your remembrance come to me" :)

Examples :- 
I remember you :- મને તારી યાદ આવે છે (mane tArI yAd Ave Che)
You remember me :- તને મારી યાદ આવે છે (tane mArI yAd Ave Che)
We remember Kaushik :- અમને કૌશિકની યાદ આવે છે (amane kaushikanI yAd Ave Che)
Kaushik remembers us :-  કૌશિકને અમારી યાદ આવે છે (kaushikane amArI yAd Ave Che)

In past tense we can form similar sentences.

Kaushik remembered us:-  કૌશિકને અમારી યાદ આવી (kaushikane amArI yAd AvI)

Kaushik will remember us:-  કૌશિકને અમારી યાદ આવશે (kaushikane amArI yAd Avashe)


This is the way you say in Gujarati sentences like "I miss..","He missed .."
Peter misses his friend :- પીટરને એના મિત્રોની યાદ આવે છે (pITarane enA mitronI yAd Ave Che)

She missed her mother a lot:- એને એના માંની બહુ યાદ આવી (ene enA mAMnI bahu yAd AvI)



Case 3) 
In third case you explicitly assure of keeping something in mind.
Here in Gujarati we use phrase યાદ રાખવું(yAd rAkhavuM) which is as good as saying "to keep in mind".
Verb form of રાખવું (rAkhavuM) is created as per pertaining rule for that tense.


Examples :- 

I will remember your favour/ I will keep in mind your favour  :-  
હું તમારો ઉપકાર યાદ રાખીશ (huM tamAro upakAr yAd rAkhIsh)

He always remembered my advice / He always kept in mind my advice :- 
તેણે મારી સલાહ હંમેશા યાદ રાખી (teNe mArI salAh haMmeshA yAd rAkhI)

Listen this lesson online at :-



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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Gujarati. Learn Gujarati grammar and many aspects Gujarati language online.
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