Thursday, 9 January 2014

Conjunctions in Gujarati - Part 1 And,But,Because,So,That,Although,Though,Still,Yet

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Conjunctions are words that join two or more words or phrases or clauses.
Here we will learn frequently use English conjunctions and their 
Gujarati synonyms.

We will start with frequently use conjunctions and then move to less used ones

1) And :- અને ( ane), 
He and me -> એ અને હું (
e ane huM)
Milk and sugar -> દૂધ અને ખાંડ (dUdh ane khAMD)

2) But :- પણ (paN),  પરંતુ(paraMtu)
I want to buy but shop is closed -> મારે ખરીદવું છે પણ/પરંતુ દુકાન બંદ છે (mAre kharIdavuM Che paN/paraMtu dukAn baMd Che)

He was clever but he did not work hard -> એ હોશિયાર હતો પણ/પરંતુ એણે પરિશ્રમ નથી કર્યો (
e hoshiyAr hato paN/paraMtu eNe parishram nathI karyo)

Generally પરંતુ (paraMtu) is used in formal written Gujarati. પણ(paN) is used in formal as well as casual conversation

3) Although, Though, Yet, Still,Even if, Even though :- તોપણ(topaN). 
All three conjugations can be be used to form similar type of sentences
e.g. "Though I had warned him, he opened the box" 
       "He opened box, although I had warned him"
       "I had warned him, still he opened the box" 
Gujarati sentence structure is similar to third one i.e. using "still"
"precondition" 
તોપણ(topaN) "post condition"

To warn -> ચેતવણી આપવી (
chetavaNI ApavI)
I had warned him, still he opened the box -> મેં તેને ચેતવણી આપી હતી, તોપણ તેણે પેટી ઉઘાડી (meM tene chetavaNI ApI hatI, topaN teNe peTI ughADI)

Ram helped Leela still Leela insulted him -> રામે લીલાને મદદ કરી હતી, તોપણ લીલાએ તેનો અપમાન કર્યો (
rAme lIlAne madad karI hatI, topaN lIlAe teno apamAn karyo)

4) Because :- કારણ(kAraN)
I did not come yesterday, because I was sick :-  હું કાલે નથી આવ્યો, કારણ હું માંદો હતો  (
huM kAle nathI Avyo, kAraN huM mAMdo hato )

Car will not start because there is no petrol in tank:- ગાડી શરૂ થશે નહિં, કારણ ટાંકીમાં પેટ્રોલ નથી (
gADI sharU thashe nahiM, kAraN TAMkImAM peTrol nathI)

5) so :- એટલે (eTale) / તેના લીધે (tenA lIdhe) /તેને કારણે(tene kAraNE )


I was sick so I did not come yesterday  :-  હું માંદો હતો એટલે હું કાલે નહોતો આવ્યો (huM mAMdo hato eTale huM kAle nahoto Avyo)

OR 
હું માંદો હતો તેના લીધે હું કાલે નહોતો આવ્યો (huM mAMdo hato tenA lIdhe huM kAle nahoto Avyo)
OR
હું માંદો હતો તેને કારણે હું કાલે નહોતો આવ્યો (huM mAMdo hato tene kAraNE huM kAle nahoto Avyo)
There is no petrol in tank so car will not start :- ટાંકીમાં પેટ્રોલ નથી એટલે/તેના લીધે/
તેને કારણે ગાડી શરૂ થશે નહિં (TAMkImAM peTrol nathI eTale/ tenA lIdhe /tene kAraNE gADI sharU thashe nahiM)

6) That :- કે ke)
Ram told me that he is happy :- રામે મને કહ્યું કે એ ખૂબ ખુશ છે (
rAme mane kahyuM ke e khUb khush Che)

I am sure that we will succeed :- 
મને ખાતરી છે કે આપણે સફળ થઈશું  (mane khAtarI Che ke ApaNe saphaL thaIshuM )


Listen this lesson online at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=obi3aSsPGqQ

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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Gujarati. Learn Gujarati grammar and many aspects Gujarati language online.
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2 comments:

  1. It is very helpful for me, so many many thanks

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    Replies
    1. Hi Nirav,
      You are welcome !!

      I would like to know more abut your Gujarati learning and feedback about my blog. Can you please mail me at learnmarathifast@gmail.com

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