Tuesday, 4 February 2014

Simple Sentences in Gujarati - Introduction/Salutation

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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Gujarati. Learn Gujarati grammar and many aspects Gujarati language online.
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Let's start with simple sentences. Before starting I want to clarify few things.

1) Examples given below follow the rules we have discussed so far. So grammar is not explained again. I would request you to read each sentence carefully and identify how the form of particular word or verb is created.

2) Wherever new concept or exception is introduced, I will try to explain it there.

3) Please note the Gujarati translation may not be exact word-to-word translation.
e.g. when asking about someone’s height in English we say  “How long are you?“ but Gujarati sentence will be similar to asking “What is your height”.
So you should sense the difference.

4) You know that form of verb changes depending on gender and multiplicity.
So wherever applicable I have mentioned gender in brackets followed by corresponding version of sentence.

5) Because of British rule in India, English has been learnt and used widely throughout India. So use of English words is quite common. In many cases, English words are natural choice than original Gujarati words !!

6) In Gujarati to say something with respect, the sentence is formed using plural.
In English when telling about a friend you will say ,"He goes to work". While speaking about and elderly person with respect you will still say "He goes to work". But in Gujarati second sentence (with respect) will formed like saying "They go to work".
To Indicate this I have marked such sentence as "To Man" or "To Lady". So these are "with respect" versions.

So below I have given few sentences which will answer questions like How to welcome guests in Gujarati", "How to speak with guests in Gujarati" etc.
Let’s start

1) Good morning/evening/night :- In Indian culture there is no custom of greeting this way i.e. depending on time. Formally people greet each other saying નમસ્કાર(namaskAr) /નમસ્તે (namaste). 
Sometime "Good Morning" can be said as સુપ્રભાત(suprabhAt)
But due to widespread knowledge of western culture; even Gujarati people greet each other in western may like saying “hi,”hello”,”how are you”, “Good morning/evening/night” in English.

2) Welcome :- 
(In formal Gujarati સુસ્વાગતમ (susvAgatam) / તમારું સ્વાગત છે (tamAruM svAgat Che
(In day to day use) આવો આવો (Avo Avo) / પધારો (padhAro)

3) How are you / How do you do :- તું કેમ છે ? (tuM kem Che ?)
(to man or lady with respect) :- તમે કેમ છો (tame kem Cho)

5) I am fine :- હું મજામાં છું (huM majAmAM ChuM)

6) Long time no see :-
(to boy) ઘણા દિવસ મળ્યો નથી (ghaNA divas maLyo nathI)
(to girl) :- ઘણા દિવસ મળી નથી (ghaNA divas maLI nathI )
(to man/lady with respect) :- ઘણા દિવસ મળ્યા નથી (ghaNA divas maLyA nathI)

7) Yes, I was very busy these days :- હા આજકાલ/હમણાં/હાલ હું થોડો બીઝી છું(hA AjakAl/hamaNAM/hAl huM thoDo bIjhI ChuM)

8) Please have a seat (to boy/girl) :- બેસ (bes)
                              (to man/lady) :-બેસો ( beso)


9)Can you give me some water ? :- 
મને થોડું પાણી આપીશ ? (mane thoDuM pANI ApIsh ?)
(to man/lady) મને થોડું પાણી આપશો ? (mane thoDuM pANI Apasho ?)


10) What would like ? Tea or Coffee ? :- શું લેશો ચા કે કોફી (shuM lesho ?  chA ke kophI)

11) I will take tea :- હું ચા લઈશ (huM chA laIsh)

12) Tea is fine for me :- મને ચા ચાલશે (mane chA chAlashe)


13) No, Thanks :- ના. થેંક્સ. (nA. theMks.)


14) No, I do not want anything :- ના. મારે કાંઈપણ નથી જોઈતું. (nA. mAre kAMIpaN nathI joItuM.)

15) What do yo do these days? :-
આજકાલ/હમણાં/હાલ શું કરે છે ?(AjakAl/hamaNAM/hAl shuM kare Che)
(to man/lady with respect) :- આજકાલ/હમણાં/હાલ શું કરો છો ? (AjakAl/hamaNAM/hAl shuM karo Cho)

16) I am studying in 10th standard  :- હું દસમા ધોરણમાં છું. (huM dasamA dhoraNamAM ChuM.)

I go to college :- હું કોલેજ જઉં છું. (huM kolej jauM ChuM.)

17) Where do you stay/live ? :-
તું ક્યાં રહે છે ? (tuM kyAM rahe Che ?)
(to man/lady with respect) :- તમે ક્યાં રહો છો ? (tame kyAM raho Cho ?)

18) I live in Dombivli :- હું ડોમ્બીવલીમાં રહું છું (huM DombIvalImAM rahuM ChuM)


19) What is your name 
તારું નામ શું છે ? (tAruM nAm shuM Che ?)
(to man/lady) :- તમારું નામ શું છે ? (tamAruM nAm shuM Che ?)

20) My name is Kaushik :- મારું નામ કૌશિક છે. (mAruM nAm kaushik Che.)

21) Where do you work? :- 
તું ક્યાં કામ કરે છે ? (tuM kyAM kAm kare Che ?)
(to man/lady) તમે ક્યાં કામ કરો છો ? (tame kyAM kAm karo Cho ?)

22) How is everybody at home ? ઘરમાં બધાં કેમ છે ? (gharamAM badhAM kem Che)


23) Give my regards to uncle :- કાકાને મારા પ્રણામ કેહજો. (kAkAne mArA praNAm kehajo.)

24) Bye bye :- Bye Bye / ટા ટા (TA TA)


25) See you again :-     See you / ફરી મળીએ (pharI maLIe)


26) Come Again :- આવજો (Avajo)


27) When will we see again ? :- ફરી ક્યારે મળશે (pharI kyAre maLashe)
(to man/lady)  ફરી ક્યારે મળશો ? (pharI kyAre maLasho ?)

27) What else :- બીજું શું (bIjuM shuM)

28) Ok  :- ઠીક(ThIk) / ઠીક છે(ThIk Che) / સારું (sAruM)


Listen this lesson online at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b7H1zWxoQa0


***************************************************************
Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Gujarati. Learn Gujarati grammar and many aspects Gujarati language online.
***************************************************************

8 comments:

  1. im going to office,say in gujarathi!!! pls

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. "huM office jai rahyo ChuM"
      Or
      "huM office jai rahI ChuM"

      Are you learning Gujarati using my blog ?
      - Kaushik

      Delete
  2. Once you are comfortable with speaking Gujarati correctly automatically your speed will increase. Study and practise is the key.

    Are you learning Gujarati using my blog ?

    Thanks,
    Kaushik

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Where is ur blog sir?how it will help me to learning Gujarati?

      Delete
    2. you are reading and commenting on my blog itself
      https://learn-gujarati-from-english.blogspot.in/

      Delete
  3. I want to learn proper Gujrati as I can read and understand but can't speak. Please guide

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. You are at correct place.Starting learning from first post of the blog.

      May I know your name please. Can you please mail me on learnMarathifast@gmail.com (ID is same for my Marathi and Gujarati blogs).

      Thanks,
      Kaushik

      Delete